PLEASE NOTE: You are to answer Two(2) Questions only.
Uncle Deyo: He was Ajumobi’s bossom friend when Ajumobi was alive. He is a responsible friend and takes his friend’s family as his even after his friend’s demise. He helps Yaremi with difficult chores like mending of the leaking roof of her house and rebuilding the walls of her mud house. In other words Uncle Deyo conducts Alani round his fathers property. His fathers farm lies fallow, begging for attention. At the end of the trip, it is clear that Alani is not interested in his fathers property. He returns to the house annoyed and disappointed. He regales his mother with stories of his progress, comfort and pleasure in the city and a city girl he is planning to marry. Soon, he begins to dress up to leave for the city, to the utter amazement of his mother, leaving critical issues unattended to.
Yaremi is yet to recover from the shock of her sons strange behaviour when the village elders announce the punitive measures taken against her: her husbands property is to be confiscated and she is to start packing her things for an immediate exile. With this last tragedy that seems like the straw that broke the camels back, one would think that Yaremi would give up all hope of redemption. But with courage and determination, she vows to fight to the last drop of her blood. If she must be sent into exile, then it must be her dead body.
The central character, Bigger Thomas’s trial hinges on judicial injustice.
The novel tends to depict the aforementioned concept, in the sense that the judicial system at the time of the novel – 1930’s – wherein racism, segregation and factionalization reigned Supreme.
It depicts the inequity of the judicial system with regards to certain key factors, viz, interest of the media, fair hearing and the promotion of political ambitions.
(i) Interest of the media: It should be observed that the setting of the novel shows the high degree of white supremacy. Those in the corridor of power were highly populated by whites and all the media – radio and TV stations-were solely controlled by them. In this regard, the outcome was always going to be on the side of the supremacists.
(ii) Fair hearing: One Is adjudged to be guilty before being proven innocent but in the case Bigger Thomas, he was not handed a fair hearing or a chance to defend himself.
(iii) Political ambitions – The incumbent Attorney General at the trial who had all “the cards in his pocket” knew he had the wherewithal to swing the case in his favour, no matter the emotional plea made by the public defender lawyer.
In summary the novel depicts the struggle of blacks in a supposed “white-ruled” society.
Women of Kufi are workabolics, rising with the sun and sleeping with the moon. Their work is unceasing, ranging from working on the farm, cooking food and washing of dishes, taking care of their children and showering affection on their husbands. They take their responsibility with grace and cheerfulness, seldom complaining and striking compromises almost all the time. They eat after their husbands and children have had their fill. They sit quietly to watch their husbands to detect their moods, pleasure and dispositions. They always look forward to the birth of their next babies which would secure for them the enhanced status of motherhood and wifehood.
In Kufi, women face common challenges of which competition between wives for the affection and love of their man ranks the highest. Men are free to take as many wives as they think will satisfy them. These wives of a man usually fight and argue over who becomes the favourite of their man. The youngest wife usually wins as men prefer younger women to older, experienced ones.
Meanwhile the women, whose husbands are still alive, are secretly envying Yaremis independence of mans authority. Yaremis business is booming and she never misses an opportunity to share her good fortune with others. This increases her influence in the society. Gradually, she becomes influencial and popular in the society. This development does not go down well with men. It poses a threat to their authority and status. They want their women submissive and pliable.
There are men who are attracted by Yaremis personality. They try to sweet talk her into marrying them.
Friday 3rd May, 2019
Literature-In-English 2 (Prose) – 9:30 a.m. – 10:45 a.m.
Literature-In-English 1 (Objective) – 10:45 a.m – 11:45 a.m