NECO CIVIC EDUCATION
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ANSWER ONLY TWO(2) QUESTIONS
(ii) Queuing culture.
(iv) Listening skills
(v) obeying traffic rules and regulations
(i)Driving Skills: There need for us acquire driving skills before driving. It important to go through the normal driving school process prescribed by the authority concerned before making any attempt to drive. That where we will be thought the necessary driving skills. We can demonstrate orderliness in driving by observing the traffic light, obeying traffic warden instruction and obeying the traffic rules and regulations.
(ii)Queuing culture: Queuing is an important way to maintain orderliness in the society. There may need for us to queue up at some places where many people want to enjoy same services with us. This will help in letting things go in a well orderly manner. Examples of places where we may need to queue up are: Hospitals, banks, airports, petrol stations, supermarkets, ATM points, e.t.c
(iii)Decorum: This is referring to as a requirement of correct behaviour in polite society. It is a right behaviour expected at a particular situation. This behaviour should be exhibited always. For example, perfect silence is expected from students while the principal is given them instructions on the assemble ground.
(iv) Listening skills: We listen to gain information , to make decisions and for enjoyment. Good listening habits help to avoid misunderstandings, embarrassment and mistakes. There is need for us to be attentive to others while they talk. Orderliness involves paying attention while others talk.
(v)Obeying traffic rules and regulation: Traffic regulations are the rules and laws made for the control of goods, people and vehicles on our roads. It is important for every road users to obey the traffic rules and regulation while driving and there is need for proper understanding proper understanding of the traffic rules and regulation.
(i) Road Accidents:
Many roads accident are caused by drivers who drink and drive, or those under the influence of drugs.
(ii) Social vices and problems:
People found under the influence of drugs can engage in social vices like rape, cultism, robbery , fraud , terrorism, etc., thereby causing more problems for government or the entire society.
(iii) Hooliganism and violence:
Many people who engage in abuses of drugs end up becoming touts, wayward and destitutes, thereby creating more problems and expenses for the government and the society at large.
(iv) Waste of government fund:
Government spends more on the building of psychiatric hospitals to cure those who are insane. Money is also often spent on adverts and symposia on the implications of drug abuse.
(v) Broken Home:
Someone who abuses drugs may end up in disastrous acts of different kinds which may end up destroying and forcing family members into having broken homes.
(Pick Any Five)
(i)Refresher courses and training programmes: The introduction of fresher courses and training programmes home and abroad for public servants on the various skills they need to improve on their jobs can help improve public service in Nigeria. Such courses refreshes ones knowledge brings him to current issues, ideas , methodologies and functional techniques
(ii)Teaching political education in schools: The introduction of political education into the school curriculum like the learning of civic education, government, diplomacy and other political thoughts at all levels of education can help improve the public service in Nigeria. The political education would go a long way to reorienting Nigerian youths from the cradle who is potential leaders of tomorrow.
(iii)Use of code of conduct bureau and public complaints commission Government should establish some disciplinary codes of conduct which will watch the affairs of public servants.The Code of Conduct Bureau is empowered by the constitution to support the Federal Government in curtailing unethical conduct, abuse of office, and other forms of corruption in the public service.
(iv)Encouraging citizen to participate in governance: The quality of service rendered by public services will be much better if citizens participated in governance and have platforms on which to express grievances and give feedback. This participatory governance helps to encourage accountability because it puts members and managers of public enterprises on their toes.
(v)improved salaries: The most important input in the public service is human resources. If the people who work and provide services on behalf of the government are not well motivated, there will continue to be a poor quality of work and poor national development. In Nigeria, public servants are the least motivated to work because of their low salary and remuneration package.
(vi) Introducing the use of technology in the public service: The public sector in Nigeria still makes use of traditional ways in performing their functions. It is very difficult for the public sector to catch up with standards in a fast-paced technological world. The government needs to invest in Information and technological tools in order to improve the quality of services
(ii)Relationship between male and female
(iii) Relationship among peers
(iv) Relationship between man and man
(v) Relationship between individual and government
This is the type of relationship that exists between people of the same or different genders without any intention of marriage or intimate affairs. This kind of relationship can exist between a boy and a girl, man and woman, woman and girl, woman and boy, woman and woman, etc.
(ii)Relationship between male and female (opposite gender):This is the kind of relationship between unmarried man and woman. Most times, this type of relationship leads both partners to marriage if well formalized. It also leads to the formation of a family.
(iii) Relationship among Peer: This is the friendship among people of same age bracket, political or social groups, classmates, sports, etc. For example, fans of the same football club, star artist, political leader, clubs, stars, etc end up rearing peer relationship.
(iv)Relationship between man and man: This is a friendship between two people of same gender who share similar interests such as social interest, economic interest, cultural interest, religion interest, etc. This may as well exist between woman and woman, boy and boy, girl and girl
(v) Relationship between individual and government: This is the relationship that exists between an individual and government. There are several ways through which an individual relate withe the government in order to fully enjoy the rights and privileges of a citizen or as a stranger residing in the country
ANSWER ONLY TWO(2) QUESTIONS
(Pick Any Five)
(i) Policy formation
(ii) Appointment of government functionaries
(iii) Budget preparation
(iv) maintenance of law and order
(v) Power to initiate bills
(vi) control of armed forces and police
(Pick Any Five)
(i) law making
(ii) Approval of budget
(iii) power of investigation
(iv) power of impeachment
(v) Dissolution of parliament
(vi) it makes and amends constitution
(vii) control of executive
(Pick any five)
(i) impeachment of law
(ii) settlement of dispute
(iii) punishment of law breakers
(iv) prevention of violation of law
(v) Determination of election petitions
(vi) protection of constitution.
Traffic regulation can be defined as the rules and regulations which guide the behaviour or action of road users, in order to prevent accidents and enhance free flow of traffic. Road users include vehicle drivers, cyclists, pedestrians, etc.
Traffic regulations are the rules that guide and direct the movement of vehicles and other road users along the roads or streets. Traffic regulations are laws that concem how motorists and other road users should move on the road and what they may or may not do while using the road.
(Pick Any Four)
(i)Cyclists should wear crash helmets
(ii)Numbers of passenger
(v)wearing seat belt
(i)Cyclists should wear crash helmets: Cyclists should wear crash helmet while riding for protection against fall or accidents of any kind. This will protect the head which is the most delicate part of the body. This is applicable to horse riders as well.
(ii) Number of passengers:Drivers should always avoid over loading their vehicles as this will contravene traffic laws. They should not carry more than the stipulated number of passengers for their particular vehicle. Motor cycle riders are not supposed to carry more than one passenger
(iii)Pavement: Pedestrians should walk on road pavements where they are provided and drivers should avoid driving close to pavement no matter the large number of traffic that may take up the road.
(iv)Noise pollution: All road users are expected to guide against noise pollution. Drivers of vehicles should not blow their horns excessively to disturb other people.
(v)Wearing of seat belt: motorists are expected t wear seat belts at all times. Passengers should also use belts where they are provided.Always fasten seat belt while driving because it helps to reduce the severity of injuries in case of an accident.
COMPLETED – GOODLUCK
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