Stephen was charged as a blasphemer of God, and an apostate from the church; therefore he shows that he is a son of Abraham, and values himself on it. The slow steps by which the promise made to Abraham advanced toward performance, plainly show that it had a spiritual meaning, and that the land intended was the heavenly. God owned Joseph in his troubles, and was with him by the power of his Spirit, both on his own mind by giving him comfort, and on those he was concerned with, by giving him favour in their eyes. Stephen reminds the Jews of their mean beginning as a check to priding themselves in the glories of that nation. Likewise of the wickedness of the patriarchs of their tribes, in envying their brother Joseph; and the same spirit was still working in them toward Christ and his ministers. The faith of the patriarchs, in desiring to be buried in the land of Canaan, plainly showed they had regard to the heavenly country. It is well to recur to the first rise of
usages, or sentiments, which have been perverted. Would we know the nature and effects of justifying faith, we should study the character of the father of the faithful. His calling shows the power and freeness of Divine grace, and the nature of conversion. Here also we see that outward forms and distinctions are as nothing, compared with separation from the world, and devotedness to God
(i)Sometimes God’s will for us is martyrdom
(ii)Christians are a befuddling contradiction to the world
(iii)God does his greatest work through “ordinary” people.
Peter advised the Christians living among non-Christians to abstain from fleshy lust since it battles against the soul.
He told them to engage in honest conversation among the Gentiles so that even if they speak against them, their good works would force the Gentiles to glorify God.
Peter told them to subject themselves to every human institution whether it is the Emperor himself or the Governors that have been sent to reward those who do good and punish those who do wrong. According to Peter, if they do this, they will put to silence the ignorance of foolish men.
He advised them to live as free men but should not use their freedom as a pretext to engage in evil. They should live as servants of God. They should honour all men, love the brotherhood, fear God and honour the emperor.
Peter explained that they would receive no glory if they are punished for doing the wrong thing, but if they are punished for doing the right thing and they endure, it is acceptable before God.
Peter concluded that Christ himself suffered the same faith. According to Peter, Jesus was reviled but he did not reply. Therefore, the people must copy Christ’s example.
(iii) Lack of faith
When Jesus was arrested in the garden of Gathsemane, he was sent to the house of Caiaphas the high priest at that time where the Sanhedrin had met waiting to try him. Although their gathering was illegal according to Jewish law, they then agreed to kill Jesus. During the trial, they sought false testimony against Jesus in order to put him to death, but found none.
Later two false witnesses came forward and said Jesus said he can destroy the Jerusalem temple and rebuild it in three days but Jesus did not respond to any of the accusations and was silent.
The high priest stood up and said whether he had no answer and he still kept silent.
Then the high priest asked him if He was the Christ, the son of God. Jesus then responded by saying “that is what he has said and continued saying that they will see the son of man seated at the right hand of power and coming on the clouds of heaven.
The high priest the tore his clothes in anger and said Jesus has spoken blasphemy and concluded that they don’t need any witness again and therefore concluded that Jesus must be put to death.
[Pick Any TWO]
(i) People bear false witness against others due to jealousy
(ii) People bear false witness against others for favour
(iii) People bear false witness against others for fear of intimidation.
(iv) People bear false witness against others for financial and material gains
Amos denounced the high places of Israel and pronounced that God would rise against bthe house of jeroboam II with sword. Then amaziah, the priest of bethel, sent word to king jeroboam II that Amos had conspired against him and that the land was not able to bear all his words. He said that jeroboam would die by the sword and is isreal must go into exile. To Amos, amaziah said, o seer, go flee to the land of Judah, eat bread there, and prophesy there; but never again prophesy at bethel. Amos replied ! I am no prophet, nor a prophets son.I am a herdsman, and a dresser of sycamore trees. The lord took me from following the flock to go and prophesy to my people, is real. Therefore, hear the word of the lord. For ordering me to shut up, your wife shall become harlot in the city; your sons and daughters shall fall by the sword. Your land shall be parcelled out by line. You yourself shall die in and unclean land and is real shall surely go into exile away from its land.
Those who oppose God should be condemned for the following two reasons: The lord God is our creator and sustainer; its is condemnable for people to oppose him. Besides, the opponents of God are evil to others, and could serve as snares to the righteous.
(i)People complain about the men of God for their extravagant lifestyle.
(ii)People complain about men of God for their extortions from the congregation.
(iii)People complain about the immoral behavior of God’s men.
Moses is chosen by God to lead the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt and into the land of Canaan, which God has promised to them. Pharaoh then decides to seek the Israelites with chariots, and he catches them at Pi-hahiroth. Moses is commanded by God to hold his staff out over the water, and throughout the night a strong east wind divides the sea, and the Israelites pass through with a wall of water on either side. The Egyptians pursue, but at dawn, God clogs their chariot-wheels and throws them into a panic, and with the return of the water the pharaoh and his entire army are destroyed. When the Israelites see the power of God they put their faith in God and in Moses and sing a song of praise to the Lord for the crossing of the sea.
(i) Christians should learn from this incident never to doubt God in any situation
(ii) A great lesson Christians should learn from this incident is to always do what God commands and obey his prophets
(i)Khalifa Abubakar Sadiq
(ii)Khalifa usman bin Haffan
(iii)Khalifa Aliyu bin Abdulmuttalib
(iv)Khalifa Umar bin al khattab
The first caliph was Abu Bakr who ruled from 632-634 CE. Abu Bakr was the father-in-law of Muhammad and was an early convert to Islam. He was known as “The Truthful.” During his short reign as caliph, Abu Bakr put down rebellions by various Arab tribes after Muhammad died and established the Caliphate as the ruling force in the region.
Islam has taken a strong position against visitation of fortune tellers and the art of fortunetelling. The Islamic ruling with regard to a Muslim who visits a fortuneteller and believes what he (the fortuneteller) tells him or believes that the fortuneteller knows the unseen and the future, is that it is kufr (disbelief), according to the scholars. They based their evidence on the saying of Allah: “With Him are the Keys of the Ghayb (unseen); none knows them but He.”(Qur’an 6:59).
Allah also told Prophet Muhammad (saw): “Say! I have no power to bring good to myself nor avert harm but it is only as Allah wills. If it were that I knew the unseen, I would have multiplied the good and no evil would have touched me.” (Qur’an 7: 188).
Allah also said: “Say! None in the heavens nor the earth knows the unseen except Allah.” (Qur’an 27:65)
There are many similar verses in some other chapters of the holy book. But Allah, in some of the verses, said he revealed some of the knowledge of unseen to His chosen Prophets and Messengers in order to preach His message to the people.
Abu Hurayrah and al-Hassan bin ‘Aliy (as) both reported from Prophet Muhammad (saw) that he said, “Whosoever approaches a fortuneteller and believes what he says, he has disbelieved in what had been revealed to Muhammad” (Ahmad).
This is because such a belief assigns to creation some of the attributes of Allah with regard to the knowledge of the unseen and the future.
Islam also opposes any form of association with those who practice fortunetelling, except may be to advise them to give up their forbidden trade.
The prophet was reported by one of his wives, Hafsah bint Umar (May Allah be pleased with them), as saying, “The sallah of whoever approaches a fortuneteller and asks him about anything will not be accepted for 40 days and nights.” (Muslim)
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem
(i)Qul a’uzu birabbin naas
(iv)Min sharril was waasil khannaas
(v)Al lazee yuwas wisu fee sudoorin naas
(vi)Minal jinnati wan naas
(i)Say: “I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind,
(ii) “The King of mankind,
(iii)”The Ilah (God) of mankind,
(iv) “From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one’s heart after one remembers Allah)
(v) “Who whispers in the breasts of mankind,
(vi) “Of jinns and men.”
any evil whisper crosses the mind, a Muslim should immediately seek refuge with Allah, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaitân (Satan), then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower. ” [Al Qur’an 7:200]
Apart from experiencing evil whispers, a Muslim should constantly seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Satan and his followers from among the jinn and mankind. A’ishah, the wife of the Prophet said:
“Whenever the Messenger of Allah went to bed, he used to recite Surah Al-Ikhlas, Surah Al-Falaq and Surah An-Naas (last three chapters of the Qur’an), and then blow on his palms and pass them over his face and those parts of his body that his hands could reach. And when he fell ill, he used to order me to do like that for him.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari]
With this ends the series “Lessons from the Qur’an”.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.
May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon His slave and messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family and companions.
The phrase ‘Allahu Akbar’ is called takbir .
‘Ihram’ means ‘imposition of limits’. Thus the
‘takbir’ just after niyyah is called ‘Takbiratul-Ihram’ , because it limits the man in his actions; now he cannot do any work except prayer.
The phrase ‘Allahu Akbar’ is called takbir .
‘Ihram’ means ‘imposition of limits’. Thus the
‘takbir’ just after niyyah is called ‘Takbiratul-Ihram’ , because it limits the man in his actions; now he cannot do any work except prayer. There are four conditions in it:
(a) It must be in the approved form, i.e. ‘Allahu Akbar ‘ without any addition or change and without joining it with other wordings.
(b) It must be in correct Arabic.
(c) It must be said while standing (details will come afterwards).
(d) Body must be in ‘tama’ninat’ (not moving, but still).
(e) Muwalaat : The letters and words should be recited one after another without gap.