Neco Gce Commerce Answers – Nov/Dec 2018 Expo

EXAM TIME: 2.00 pm – 4.40 pm



Commerce OBJ:
1AABAEEBCDA
11CEEDDBEDDD
21EBCBBACAED
31BBBCADBDDE
41CCDEADAAAE
51DCEAECCEBA


(3a)
Life assurance is a branch of insurance which is taken as a protection against loss caused by the death of a person.

(3b)
TABULATE:

Insurance:
i. The risk insured against may not occur.
ii. It hinges on probabilities.
iii. It is a provision of cover against eventualities which may never occur.
iv. Examples are fire, marine, burglary.

Assurance:
i. The risk is certain to occur.
ii. It hinges on possibilities.
iii. This is a provision of cover against some eventualities which are certain to occurred at some time in the future.
iv. Example is life assurance.

(3c)
-Provision for old age.
-Source of loan repayment.
-Serves as collateral security.
-Provides for permanent disability.



(7a)
TABULATE:

Cartel:
(i) Members will still maintain their independence.
(ii) It is voluntary and members on withdraw.
(iii) No certificate is issued.
(iv) Producers are given quotes.
(v) It is horizontal in structure.

Trust:
(i) Members will lose their independence.
(ii) Trust is a complete merger.
(iii) Certificates are issued.
(iv) There is no quota system.
(v) It has s vertical structure.

(7b)
(i) Efficiency: To increase efficiency of management where the acquired company is poorly managed.
(ii) To reduce cost: To reduce the overhead cost by eliminating duplication of facilitates.
(iii) Diversification: To diversify the activities of the firms into other areas.
(iv) For larger market share: To obtain a larger share of the total market.
(v) Financial stability: To ensure greater financial stability through internal growth.



6a)
Commercial document is a record of a transaction like an order, invoice, shipping document, or certificate.


1a)
Turnover is the net sales generated by a business, while profit is the residual earnings of a business after all expenses have been charged against net sales.

1b)
– The strength of demand.
– The state of the economy
– Price discrimination.
– Poor management
– Economies of scale
– Value per Unit
– Overhead Costs
– Number of Production Units



(5a)
(i)It is relatively safer to travel by train than to travel by road transport or air transport.
(ii)Rail transport has the ability of conveying heavy and bulky goods; it is also very cheap, safe and comfortable for passengers over a long distance.
(iii)Rail transport provides a fast and reliable service; trains running on their own tracks can be timed to minimize the chance of congestion and delay.
(iv)Heavy and bulky goods can be carried as well as large quantities of any cargo.
(v)Rail is especially suitable to steady flows of traffic between set places for instance, movement of coal and iron ore between mines and factories.

(5b)
Common carrier is – a business or agency that
is available to the public for transportation of persons, goods, or messages while contract carrier is a transport line that carries persons or property under contract to one or a limited number of shippers compare common carrier.



(4a)
A chain store or retail chain is a retail outlet in whichseveral locations share a brand, central management, and standardized business practices.

(4b)
A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as “departments”.

(4c) A”hypermarket” (sometimes called a “supercenter” or “superstore”) is a big-box store combining a supermarket and a department store.

(4d)
kiosk is a small, temporary, standalone booth used in high foot traffic areas for marketing purposes, usually manned by one or two individuals.

(4e)
small stores – personal items conforming to regulations that are sold aboard ship or at a naval base and charged to the person’s pay.



Neco Gce Chemistry Answers – Nov/Dec 2018 Expo

EXAM TIME: 2.00 pm – 5.00 pm



Chemistry OBJ:
1-10: DDCACEBCDC
11-20: EDCEAABCBA
21-30: EECACEDEAD
31-40: CBEAECCEDD
41-50: DDABEDBAEA
51-60: CECEBACEEA


(5ai)
Oxides A B
Mass of Sulphur 7.00g 5.60g
Mass of Oxygen 12.0g 19.1g

20/7* 12 20/5.6*19.1
34.29 68.2
1 1.99
1 2

(5aii)
Allotropy is a phenomenon in which elements exist in various forms having different physical properties but the same chemical properties.

(5aiii)
Activated charcoal

(5aiv)
(I) Coal tar and coke
(II) carbon dioxide and water

(5bi)
(i) It is heavier than air
(ii) It does not support combustion

(5bii)
(i) It produces branched chained alkanes which improves octane rating of petrol.
(ii) It requires less amount of energy.

(5c)
In a tabular form

Physical:
(i) It is easily reversible.
(ii) No new substance is formed.

Chemical:
(i) It is not easily reversible.
(ii) New substances are usually formed.

(5cii)
(i) It can be separated by physical method.
(ii) Air varies in composition as a result of pollution.
(iii) Air shows the proprties of all the gases present in it.



(2)
Electrolytes are the components that conducts electricity in molten form or in solution e.g Nacl solution, CuSO Cu2+ SO42-

Electrolysis is the chemical decomposition of a substance brought about by a direct current passing through either a solutions of or a Molten form.

(2ii)
Elements that are electolytically reduced are sodium Na, Potassium, Calcium Ca.

(2b)
11R and 17S
(i) Na and Cl ==> Sodium Chloride Nacl
(ii) Covalent land
(2bii)
(i) Bleaching Agents
(ii) for making important chemicals such as Hcl
(2iv)
(i) 11R ==> Sodium has low I.E
(ii) Fe (iron) react with cold water to form Iron (iii) tetroxide with the release of hydrogen but slow of the iron not hot

(2ci)
Cold water on sodium, hydroxide forms at first rate but explode with hot water
(2cii)
When water is added to blue anhydrous copper (ii) chloride the colour changes from blue to pink



(3ai)
Gay Lussac’s Law of combining volumes states that if gasses react they do so in volume which bears a simple ratios and to the volume of the product. If gaseous provided that the temperature and pressure remains constant
(3aii)
V1 = 250cm3
T1 = 250c
T2 = ?
V2 = 2v1
= 25 + 273
= 2 x 250cm3
= 298k
= 500cm3

V1/T1 = V2/T2
250/298 = 500/T2
250 T2 = 500 x 298
T2 = 500 x 278/250
= 596k

(3bi)
Atomicity of an element is the total number of atoms present in one molecule of an element or a compound
(3bii)
– Monatomic has –> Helium, Neon
– Triatomic Gas –> Ozone O3
(3biii)
– it is used as antiseptic
– it is in bleaching delicate materials such as Silk, wool, pulp etc
(3iv)
– it is a colourless, odourless gas
– it is neutral to moist litmus paper

3c)
i)2KOH + H2SO4 —–> K2SO4 + 2H2O
ii)potassiumtetraoxosulphate(vi)

(3di)
Indicator is a substance that undergo a distinct observable when conditions in its solution change.
(3dii)
tabulate
Indicator : Phentphthalin
Color in base Medium :purple
Color in acid medium : colourless
(3diii)
Equation of preparation of Hydrogen
Na(l) + H20(g) —–> NaOH(aq) + H2(g)
Sodium is reacted with cold water to give hydrogen gas
Uses:
(i) It is used in making hydrogen bond
(ii) it is used in making HCL, HNO



(4ai)
– to get the reduction of impurities
– to avoid other constituents to stick to them
(4aii)
CuCO3(s) D–> CuO + CO2
1mole of CuCO3 produce 1 mole of CO2
0.081 mole would give 0.081 moles of CO2
No of mole = mass/molar mass
= 10/123.5
= 0.081 moles
CuCO3 ==> 123.5
No of mole of CO2 = Volume given/22.4
0.081 = volume/22.4
V = 22.4 x 0.081
= 1.8144dm3

(4bi)
TABULATE:
Endothermic | Exothermic
UNDER EDOTHERMIC
(1) heat is absorbed to the surroundings
(2) The Enthalpy change is posture (+ve)
UNDER EXOTHERMIC:
(1) Heat is evolved to the surroundings
(2) The enthalpy changes here is negative
(4bii)
(i) Sodium hydroxide pellets in water is Exothermic
(ii) Ammonium Chloride in water is Endothermic
(iii) Con H2SO4 acid is Exothermic

(4ci)
TABULATE:
Saturated Fatty Acids | Unsaturated Fatty Acids
UNDER SATURATED FATTY ACIDS:
– Their bonds to accepts any form of constituents are full
UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS:
– they still have more bond space so they are Unsaturated
(4cii)
Fatty acid are work acids because they dissociate partially in water and the Hydrogen or Hydroxonium ions are not concentrated



Neco Gce Physics Answers – Nov/Dec 2018 Expo

Physics OBJ:
1ACECAEDACD
11BBBADDCBCB
21DDDEDADABB
31BEDBACDEED
41BDCAADCCEE
51ACADEBBCEB



13)
CLICK HERE FOR THE IMAGE
(13a)
(i) By contact
(ii) By friction

(13aii)
Uncharged body is placed on an insulator then a charged body is brought near it without contact, then the finger is used to touch the uncharged body momentarily then removed, it will found that uncharged body is having opposite charged of the charged body.

(13b)
Elastic iron regulates it’s temperature by means of its thermostat which consists of bimetallic, when the heating element supply heat, the bimetallic begins to bend away from the contact of the power supply and when the heat supply is enough to bend it away the power supply cut-off and when it also cool enough the bimetallic again makes contact and the supply returns.

(13ci)
Boyle’s law states that at constant temperature for a fixed mass, the absolute pressure and the volume of a gas are inversely proportional.
PV = k(constant)

(13cii)
Using Boyle’s law
P1V1=P2V2

Where P1 = 760
P2 = ?
V1 = 3
V2 = Half of the Initial Volume = 1.5

Finding P2,
P2 = P1V1/V2
= 760 x 3 / 1.5
= 2280/1.5
= 1520mmHg



(14a)
Compression is the ability of wave to compress/sink together after propagation WHILE refraction is the ability of wave to depart after propagation.

(14b)
(i) Formation of shadow
(ii) Operation of the pin-hole camera.
(14ci)
(i) Echo is used in the determination of the speed of sound in air
(ii) It is used in exploration for gas and oil
(14cii)
(i) Lenses are used to correct defects in human eyes
(ii) They are used in the compound microscope

(14di)
Vibrations of the air in an open pipe produces echo while that in a plucked stretched string produces interference
(14dii)
fo = 220Hz
f1 = 2fo = 3fo
For the open pipe
f1 = v/l
=2*220 = 330/l
L = 330/440 = 0.75
Length of the given pipe
=0.75m or 75cm

For the closed pipe
f1 = 3v/4l
3*220 = 3*330/4l
660 = 990/4l
4l = 990/660
4l = 1.5
L = 1.5/4 = 0.375m
Length of the closed pipe
=0.375m or 37.5cm



(10a)
Surface tension is the force acting along the surface of a liquid,causing the liquid surface to behave like a stretched elastic skin

(10b)
-Adhesion is the force of attraction between molecules of different kinds eg the molecules of water and glass
-Cohesion is the force of attraction between molecules of the same kind eg The molecules of water



(9ai)
-Gravitational field is a convenient and informative method of describing the gravitational attraction of one body for another at a distance
-Magnetic field is the region or space around the magnet in which the influence of the magnet can be felt or detected
(9aii)
Similarities
Gravitational field and Magnetic field are both force field

(9b)
(i)Iron filing
(ii)Magnetic compass needle



(1ai)
An Artificial Satellite is an artificial object that is manufactured by humans and launched into the Earth’s orbit or in another planet’s orbit.
(1aii)
A multistage rocket consists of two or more sections called stages. Each state has a rocket engine and propellant.A rocket is multistage because Rocket travelling to space requires more than one engine. The reason is because it will require much large amount of fuel or propellant to gain the speed required to escape earth gravity

(1b)
(i)Objective lens:-Objective lens collects parallel rays from a distant object and forms a real inverted and diminished image at the principal focus of the lens
(ii)Eyepiece:-Eyepiece acts as a magnifying glass and forms a magnified and virtual image



(6a)
Convex mirror is used as driving mirror of cars because they give an erect image of an object behind the driver

(6b)
velocity = 0.42m
Frequency = 6Hz
Distance =?
V=FX
X=V/F
X= 0.42/6 =0.07m



(8a)
(i)Length of the conductor
(ii)cross section area of the conductor

(8b)
I=E/R+r
E=12r , r=1.2n , R=4.0n
I=12/1.2+4=12/5.2
=2.31A



(12a)
Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other.

(12bi)
A projectile is any object thrown into space by the exertion of a force.
(12cii)
(i)a bullet fired from a gun
(ii)a stone release from catapult

(12c)
Centripetal force is defined as, “The component of force acting on a body in curvilinear motion that is directed toward the center of curvature or axis of rotation,” while centrifugal force is defined as, “The apparent
force , equal and opposite to the centripetal force , drawing a rotating body away from the center.

(12d)
Taking moment about D
Sum of ( moment )= moment
Rc * 17 = 20*12
Rc = 20*12/17= 14.117



(5a)
Heat Capacity (Cp) of a body is the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of the body by 1 Kelvin.

(5b)
m=5kg, I=3.36*10^5Jkg^-1
H=5*3.36*10^5J
H=16.8*10^5J



(3a)
Amplitude of a simple harmonic motion is defined as the maximum distance that an object moves from its equilibrium position.

(3b)
-Speed-
(i)Speed is how fast an object is moving.
(ii)It is calculated by the displacement of space per a unit of time.
(iii)speed does not deals on direction
-Velocity-
(i)Velocity is the rate at which an object changes position in a certain direction.
(ii)It is calculated by the displacement of space per a unit of time in a certain direction.
(iii)Velocity deals with direction



Neco Gce Civic Education Answers – Nov/Dec 2018 Expo

Civic OBJ:
1CAEBAAAACB
11DDDBCCACDE
21BCCACBDBBE
31DACBCACDCA
41ABAADBAEBC
51EBEDBDEBED



(5)
(i) Payment of taxes: Citizens are expected to pay their taxes as at when due.
(ii) Dignity of Labour: It is the right and obligation of a citizen to show interest, seriousness and being conversant with works.
(iii) Environment Sanitation: It is the duty and obligation of a citizen to take part in the sanitation exercise of his or her community.
(iv) Obedience to rules and regulations: It is important for a good citizen to obey the rules and regulations of a given state in which he or she resides.
(v) Promotion Of National unity: It is the duty and obligation of a citizen to help foster national unity of the county at all times.


(6a)
Public service is a body of professional administrators who help the executive aim of government policies and programmes.

(6b)
(i) Corruption: Some civil servants accept bribes and some sort of cut bank before they discharge their duties for them to make private gains.
(ii) Nepotism and Tribalism
This is where undue advantage is given to people from their family, village and ethnic group ahead of others when it comes to recruitment, promotion and training.
(iii) Inconsistency of government policies : Since civil service is permanent and neutral in nature, they are obliged to executive the policies of different government.
(iv) Colonial Influence: The structure of public service in Nigeria is patterned in line with British public service structure.
(v) Over staffing and negative attitude to work: Some of our ministries are overstaffed and this makes the over head cast to increase unnecessarily.
(vi) Political Influence: The political institution usually try to exercise their power by influencing the public service



(8a)
Popular participation can be defined as the active involvement of citizens in the socio-political activities of a country. It can also be seen as the practice of involving the citizens in the governance of their country and in deciding important socio-cultural, political and economic matters.

(8b)
(i)wearing a button or putting a sticker on the car or writing letters to elected representatives
(ii)participating in a political discussion and campaign schedule
(iii)attending meetings to gain information, discuss issues, or lend support
(iv)looking for information in newspapers, magazines, and reference materials and judging its accuracy
(v)voting in local, state, and national elections
(vi)demonstrating through marches, boycotts, sit-ins, or other forms of protest



1a)
Human rights are moral principles or norms that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law

1b)
i)Every individual and group should be conscious of their right as citizens and be ready to claim it at any point in time
ii)Every individual and group should be ready to acquire knowledge about human rights
iii)Individuals should participate in joining human rights groups to promote respect for all human rights
iv)They should participate in casting their vote during election to political parties which believe in protection of human rights
v)Have respect for the right of their fellow individuals should not participate in abusing themrights of other people
vi)Individuals should participate in group support to human rights abuse victims



2a)
Youth empowerment is a process where children and young people are encouraged to take charge of their lives.

2b)
i)It makes for the transfer of skills and work ethics
ii)It gives or adds meaning to life, especially as one is given a position of authority or as one commands respect.
iii)It helps to reduce crime rate; when someone has a skill to trade, he misses the chances of engaging in anti-social behaviors.
iv)It leads to self-employment and rapid industrialization.


Neco Gce English Language Answers – Nov/Dec 2018 Expo

Exam Time:
(Essay) – 1.00pm – 2.45pm
(Objective) – 2.45pm – 3.45pm
(Test of Orals) – 4.00pm – 4.45pm



Test Of Orals
1-10: EAAADACCCB
11-20: ABCCCCDACE
21-30: CCEBCCEAAC
31-40: AAEDCBCDDD
41-50: EAAAABCDBB
51-60: BBBDCEABDD




English OBJ:
1-10.CCACCBCCDC
11-20.DABBBAADBA
21-30.EDDCBAEECE
31-40.AEEACABDEB
41-50.CDEDEAEDEC
51-60.CDDEABCDBD
61-70.ABAABBCCAB
71-80.DEDDCEBEBA
81-90.ADEACBBCBB
91-100.EEBBBBDABA
Completed


(6a)
(i)Sugar is a good raw material for industry use
(ii)Sugar is used for making confectioneries
(iii)Sugar is used for preservative for food
(iv)Sugar is to make concentrated solution

(6b)
(i)it causes obesity
(ii)it causes tooth decay



(5a)
Miss china’s interest was the volley ball and net ball court

(5b)
The head teacher responded immediately because the question was part of the matter to be discussed in the meeting

(5c)
There is only one volleyball court because it is only the bigger boys and girls that can play the game

(5d)
The colour of the wining house for each term

(5e)
(i)Adverbial clause
(ii)It modifies the verb “asked”

(5f)
He is the coach for the wandered football club

(5g)
She courage them to work hard and get promoted to the next class

(5h)
(i)outlined – summarized
(ii)reorganization- restructuring
(iii)appreciate – understand
(iv)marvelous – wonderful
(v)decidedly – definitely
(vi)cheered – encouraged



(3)
224 Oke-Ola Kate,
New Airport Area,
Ibadan,
Oyo State .
24th of November, 2018.

Dear Ibrahim,
How are you and your family doing? I hope all is well. My regards to your Mum, Dad and siblings.

I am very happy to write to you. Today us one of the greatest days I have ever had in life, I was opportune to embarked on a field trip which was organized by my school. I was taken to so many places I wished to go some years back.

I am writing this letter to you purposely to give you brief report of my time spent on the trip, some places visited and what I have learnt from the trip.

Firstly, I will like to inform you that we visited so may places but out of which I will tell you three significant places out of them. I was opportune to visited the Osi Mountain which I climb and see the clear view of all the town, there are a lot attached to this mountain according to history which we have to discuss when we see, also I visited the so called Osi Stream which is just a small hole which brings water and according to the people of the town is has never for once dry no matter the climatic condition. Lastly the Dam which is very big and full of water.

The people of Osi are very wonderful, they made these days great days for me because I was thought little things on how to speak their language. Ibrahim be incarcerate is bad.

I also find the value in getting lost. Do you know? Getting lost in the town you do not know and you start wonder around. Though the train driver took me back to my starting point where my mates were. As I was taking back to where our hopping point i discovered so many great things which i have never done before. I found pleasure in going on trip though I wish you were there. It would have been more better than that.

This is where I will be dropping my pen. Hopping to see you soon, we have a lot to discuss about my nigga.

Yours Faithful
Your Name here



1)
The plethora of cases emanating from the 2015 Elections demands for total electronic voting system as the only panacea for credible, free and fair election in Nigeria. The election of 1993 that gave rise to the JUNE 12 debacle though adjudged credible and fair still had some concerns, which gave room for the obnoxious annulment that moved our dear country backward. The Semi electronic voting system deployed in the 2015 election had brought to the fore the need for total Electronic system. From 2007 when Electronic registration was introduce till the last election, one thing is certain, that electronic data base cannot function well with a manual voting system The introduction of the card reader could not prevent controversy not with the mess from operating the equipment properly and result resolution. But one thing became clear, and that is, that some level of control was introduced which led to the level of credibility ascribed to the 2015 process. Electronic voting will to a certain level limit the involvement of person from accreditation to result release.
The electronic system we require would be self activated and operated via an INEC server based database, whereby both registration and any other process involved in the electoral process does not require a second person to deploy; depending on the ability or knowledge of the electorate. I know some people would want to latch into the old argument of the literacy level of Nigerians. The deployment of GSM succeeded despite that and today even the old women in my village have phones they use in contacting their children anywhere in the world. The percentage of Nigerians in this cadre is small and could be catered for with special arrangement. In this computer age what you do not have as regards software that could assist you in getting things done is what you have not conceived. Getting a software developer to develop software that could assist our dear country to deploy a fool proof electoral system is not hard to come by. I believe in my country and we need to challenge ourselves and not rely on what obtains elsewhere. The peculiar creatures called Nigerians cannot be found anywhere in the world and I believe that Nigerians can solve the Nigerian problem if adequately motivated and challenged.




Question👇
SECTION A
CONTINUOUS WRITING
50 marks

You are required to answer only one question from this section. Your answer should not be less than 450 words, All questions carry equal marks, You are advised to spend about 45 minutes on this section.

1.Write an article suitable for publication in a national daily on the need to introduce electronic Voting in Nigeria.

2.You are a chief speaker in a debate on the topic: Traditional Medicine is more Efective
than Orthodox Medicine. Write your argument for or against the motion.

3.Your school recently organized a field trip in which you were taken to different places of
interest. Write a letter to your friend telling him/her about the places visited and mention
three significant lessons learnt on the trip.

4.Write a story that ends with the expression: Hurray! I laughed last and taughed best!



Neco Gce Chemistry Practical Answers – Nov/Dec 2018 Expo

1ai)
Tabulate
Titration|1|2|3|
Final burette reading (cm^3) |21.30|
21.50|24.00|
Initial burette reading (cm^3) |01.30|01.00|03.50|

1aii)
average volume of acid used
= 1st+2nd+3rd/3
=20.50+20.50+20.50/3
=61.50/3=20.50cm^3

1aiii)
Volume reading are when the reading are exactly the same

1aiv)
Because it is a reaction between strong acid and strong base

1av)
i)Avoid air bubbles in the pipette
ii)rinse the pipette with the base solution before use
1avi)
the base sodium hydroxide has a soapy feel

1bi)
mole= 0.6mol1dm^3*20.50cm^3/1000
=1.23/1000=0.00123mole

1bii)
conc in mol1dm^3
=4.0/40=0.1mol1dm^3

1biii)
mole =0.1mol1dm^3*25cm^3/1000
=2.5/1000=0.0025mole

1biv)
mole of acid = 0.00123mole m 0.001mole
mole of base= 0.0025mole m 0.003mole
mole ratio =0.001/0.003=1:3

1ci)
it is a strong acid.
Methly orange is used as an indicator in a strong acid, strong base titration

1cii)
H3PO4+3NaOH—>Ha3PO4+3H2O



2a)
C is soluble salt
2ai)
Zn^2+ or Al^3+ present
-Zn^2+ or Al^3+ present
2aii)
Zn^2+ or Al^3+ present
-Zn^2+ is confrim

2bi)
SO3^2- or SO4^2-present
2bii)
SO3^2- present
2biii)
SO3^2- confrim

2c)
ZnSO3



3ai)
CO2 can be removed by adding caustic soda i.e sodium hydroxide
3aii)
Purity of water can be determined through it’s boiling point as it’s noted that pure water boils at 100°c
3aiii)
AgNo3 produce brown fumes as NO2 is produced on heating
3aiv)
It changes blue litmus paper red as the hydrogen ion in the wet litmus forms as acid on exposure to the litmus paper

3bi)
CLICK HERE FOR THE DIAGRAM
3bii)
It cannot be collected by displacement of air be cause nitrogen constitutes to large percentage of the air constituents (78%)
3biii)
HCL gas or ammonia gas (pick one)



COMPLETED

Neco Gce Government Answers – Nov/Dec 2018 Expo

Government OBJ:
1DCEBAEEAEB
11DCACACADAE
21DDAEBBBCCC
31ADDBEDEBEB
41BCADEEABDC
51DAECDDDBDE



(1a)
Capitalism is an economic system in which capital goods are owned by private individuals or businesses. In other words is The production of goods and services is based on supply and demand in the general market (market economy), rather than through central planning (planned economy or command economy).
(1b)
(i)Right of private Property*
Every individual has the right to accumulate property,An individual is free to use his property according to his will and Right of inheritance, i.e., after death of an individual his property goes to his successors.
(ii)Price mechanism:*
Price mechanism means the free working of the forces of demand and supply to determine, prices in product market and factor market.
(iii) Profit motive
Profit is the soul of all the institutions of capitalist system. A capitalistic economy is individualistic because everyone is motivated by self-interest or private profit motive to undertake high risks.
(iv) Freedom of enterprise:
There is freedom of enterprise in a capitalist economy. It means people are free to choose their occupation, profession or business according to their will.
(v)Consumer’s sovereignty In a capitalist economy people have freedom of consumption. They can spend their income on consumption according to their choice.


(5)
(i)Problem of finance
The British West African territory was a vast area and therefore to employ British personnel from the Metropolis to effectively administer it needed a lot of money to execute. The personnel had to travel from Britain and be accommodated in the colonies. It was thought that the funds needed to do this were too huge to find. That was why they use of local people to accomplish the job.
(ii).Lack of personnel
Even if the funds were there to pay the personnel, the personnel themselves were not availing themselves to be employed. The average British saw the colonies as a harsh environment where they could die of malaria or other diseases so they were unwilling to come and work there. This created the shortage of critical personnel in the colonies. The British were therefore forced to use local people, leading to the adoption of Indirect Rule.
(iii).Language barrier
The British could not speak the local language of the people and majority of the people could not speak English. There was therefore a communications problem. It was thought that getting a few people local people who could speak both English and the local language could solve the problem. The answer was the introduction of Indirect Rule.
(iv).Poor road network
The road network was not well developed at the time therefore the colonialists could not easily travel from place to place to proper supervision. Communication systems like telephones were also not very common back then so the only way out was to let the natives themselves do the work. This was another reason for the introduction of indirect Rule.
(v)A successful administrative system was already in place
In Northern Nigeria, where the system was first introduced, there already existed a centralized system of administration, coupled with an efficient system of tax collection. So the British just adopted what was already there and used it to achieve their purpose.
(vi)Success of the system elsewhere By the time Lord Luggard was introducing the system of indirect rule in Northern Nigeria, the system had already been successfully practiced in India and Uganda. The experiences gathered in India and Uganda convinced Lord Luggard that Indirect Rule could thrive in West Africa.


(6)
(i)Interactions among nations bring about economic advancement especially in the areas of technology.
(ii)Interaction among nations of the world can help to spread civilization and modernization.
(iii)Political interaction removes the interference of other states trying to dominate the others.
(iv)The interaction among nations led to the establishment of political organizations.E.g. U.N.O,
O.A.U, etc.


(4)
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state. Under this model, a state’s government is divided into branches, each with separate and independent powers and areas of responsibility so that the powers of one branch are not in conflict with the powers associated with the other branches. The typical division is into three branches: a legislature, an executive , and a judiciary , which is the trias politica model. It can be contrasted with the fusion of powers in some parliamentary systems where the executive and legislative branches overlap


(9)
(i)Ethnicity In Nigeria (as in many parts of Africa), political conflicts
often have ethnic coloration.
(ii)Military Involvement in Politics Nigeria’s political instability could be traced to the frequent
military involvement in politics since January 15th, 1966.
(iii)Leadership Failure
Nigeria’s political instability and other related problems are a consequence of its leadership crises. Nigerian governments are run in ways that have been regarded as far from the modern western state systems upon which they are modelled.
(iv)Interests of the International Community
Political instability in Nigeria owe much of its cause to
internal factors, however the interplay of internal and external factors especially geo-political and economic interests of the international community constantly play a significant role in undermining the very processes and institutions that are
expected to nurture democracy and to instill a sense of stability for societal development in Nigeria.
(v)Issue of Money and Politics in Nigeria
Another root of political instability is the issue of money and
politics in Nigeria. In a civilized society, money is not a determining factor for elective post.


Neco Gce Physics Practical Answers – Nov/Dec 2018 Expo

(1aiv)
In a tabular form
Under S/N
1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0

Under y(g)
8.00, 10.00, 12.00, 14.00, 16.00

[Under yR(g)= 12.5*y]
100.00, 125.00, 150.00, 175.00, 200.00

Under X(cm)
17.60, 14.00, 11.60, 10.00, 8.70

Under XR(cm) = x * 2
35.00, 28.00, 23.20, 20.00, 17.40

Under L = 70/X
2.000, 2.500, 3.000, 3.500, 4.00

DRAW ANOTHER TABLE OF y(g) and L(cm)
Under y(g)
100.00
125.00
150.00
175.00
200.00

Under L(cm)
2.00
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00

(1av)
DRAW THE GRAPH
(1avi)
Slope(s) = Dy/DL =
y2 – y1/L2 – L1
Where y2 = 175g, y1 = 100g
L2 = 3.5cm, L1 = 2.00cm
Slope(s) = 175 – 100/3.5 – 2

(1vii)
(PICK TWO)
(i)I ensured mass did not tourch/rest on the table
(ii)I avoided error due to parallax on metre rule
(iii)I noted zero error on metre rule
(iv)I avoided draught

(1bi)
The principal of moments state that if a body is in equilibrium,then the sum of the clockwise moments about any point on the body is equal to the sum of the anticlockwise moments about the same point

(1bii)
Draw the diagram

Taking moments about point B ie CWM = ACM
(FA*7) = 10*2
7F = 20
7F/7 = 20/7
F = 2.9N
= 75/1.5
= 50g/cm



(3a)
In a tabular form
Under S/N
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Under R(ohms)
5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, 25.0, 30.0

Under X(cm)
33.00, 49.50, 60.00, 67.00, 71.00, 74.50

Under K = 100 -X(cm)
67.00, 50.50, 40.00, 33.00, 29.00, 25.50

Under Y = x/k
0.4925, 0.9802, 1.5000, 2.0303, 2.4483, 2.9216

(3avi)
DRAW THE GRAPH

(3avii)
Slope
R2 – R1/y2 -y1
= 20 – 5/2.0 – 0.5
= 15/1.5
=10.0 ohms

(3aviii)
(i) I must use a freshly charged accumulator.
(ii) I must take proper readings through my resistance box and potentiometer to avoid error due to parallax

(3bi)
Lost volt is the voltage lost due to the internal resistance of a cell.
It is measured in volts

(3bii)
E= I(R+r)
4=I(2+0.5)
4=2.5I
I=4/2.5
I=1.6A



COMPLETED

Neco Gce Biology Practical Answers – Nov/Dec 2018 Expo


(2ai)
I. Glass tube – Wind pipe
II. Bell jar – Chest gravity
III. Y tube – Bronchi
IV. Balloons – Lungs
V. Rubber sheets Diaphpram

(2aii)
Inhalation

(2aiii)
Inhalation is the process of breathing in of air(oxygen) into the respiratory organs such as lungs or gills

(2aiv)
Exhalation

(2av)
Exhalation is the flow of the breath out of an organism

(2bi)
The head region of fish show the gills.

(2bii)
I – Nostril
II – Eye
III – Gill
IV – Scale
V – Fin

(2biii)
For gaseous exchange

(2ci)
O – Grasshopper
P – Spider

(2cii)
O – insecta
P – arachnida

(2ciii)
In a tabular form:
Differences between O and P:
1. Possession of compound eyes.
2. Possession of six legs
3. Possession of three body segments.

1. Possession of simple eye.
2. Possession of eight legs.
3. Possession of two body segments.



(1a)
A–Hygrometer
B–Anemometer
C–Light meter
D–Rain gvage
E–Wind vane

(1aii)
A–it is used to measure relative humidity.
B–it is used to measure the speed of wind.
C–it is used to measure light intensity on land
D–it is used to measure the amount of rainfall
E–it is used to measure the direction of of wind.

(1b)
TABULATE:
UNDER I:
Example | Description | Use of beak
UNDER F:
Eagle | the beak is short and cause to enable tear prey | it is used to hold prey firmly, it use to tag prey
UNDER G:
Cock | it is short and little curve | it is used to peck the food
UNDER H:
Duck | it is long and flat | it enable animal to sieve the food

(1c)
(I) photosynthesis
(II) photosynthesis is defined as the process by which green plants manufactur their food making use of Co2 and water in the a presence of sunlight

(1civ)
Blowing splint

(1cv)
It is a controlled experiment

(1cvi)
An experiment to show that CO2 is absorbed while is giving out

(1cvii)
(i) Avoidance of presence of sunlight
(ii) Avoidance of photosynthesis in terms of increment

(1cviii)
From the green leaves

(1cx)
Oxygen



(3ai)
Q => Chtomdomena monoica
R => Euglena viridis
S => Amoeba preteus
T => Paramecium caudatus

(3aii)
I => flagellum
II => Pyrenoid
III => Eyespot
IV => Chloroplasts
V = Nucleus
VI => Meganucleus
VII = Contractive Vacuole

(3aiii)
Q = flagellum
R= flagellum
S= pseudopodum
T= cilia

(3aiv)
I=> it use flagellum for movement
III=> it use flagellum for sighting
v=> it contains cellular activities in the cell
vI=> it is used removal of excess water

(3v)
The three similries between Q and R are:-
– Possession of flagellum
– possession of eye spot
– possession of nucleus

3vi)
The three difference between S and T are

Under S:-
– S is shapeless
– absence of cilia
– possession of pseudopodia

Under T:-
– T is slopper in shape
– possession of cilia
– Absence of pseudopodia



NYSC Orientation Camps, Locations And Addresses Nationwide

NYSC Orientation Camps – National Youth Service Corps orientation camps in Nigeria | www.nysc.gov.ng

We have compiled the locations and addresses of all the NYSC orientation camps in Nigeria. Check the list below.

NYSC orientation camps

NYSC orientation camps and their location, NYSC orientation camps and their addresses

NYSC Orientation Camps in Nigeria

All Prospective Corps Members are advised to check the camp addresses and ensure the camp address of their State of Deployment corresponds with that on the call-up letter.

Otherwise reprint your call-up letter before proceeding to the Orientation Camp.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN ABIA STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Umunna, Bende Local Government Area, Abia State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN ADAMAWA STATE

NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Lapondo Road, Damare, Girei Local Government Area, Adamawa State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN AKWA IBOM STATE

NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Ikot Itie Udung, Nsit Atai Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN ANAMBRA STATE

NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Progressive Senior Secondary School, Umunya, Oyi Local Government Area, Anambra State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN BAUCHI STATE

NYSC Permanent Orientation camp, KM 60 Wailo, Ganjuwa Local Government Council, Bauchi State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN BAYELSA STATE

Kaiama Grammar School , Kaiama, Kolokuma/Opokuma L.G.A Kaiama Grammar School, Kaiama, Kolokoma-Opokuma Local Government Area, Bayelsa State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN BENUE STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Wannune, Tarka Local Government Area, Kilometer 35 Makurdi Gboko Road, Benue State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN BORNO STATE
College of Peace and Disaster Management, Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC), Babbar-Ruga Batsari Road Katsina, Katsina State..

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN CROSS RIVER STATE

NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Obubra, Obubra Local Government Area, Cross River State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN DELTA STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp Former Martins TTC, Issele-Uku, Aniocha North L.G.A. Delta State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN EBONYI STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Macgregor College, Afikpo Local Government Area, Ebonyi State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN EDO STATE
Okada Grammar School, Okada, Ovia North-East Local Government Area, Edo State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN EKITI STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Ise-Orun/Emure Local Government Area, Ekiti State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN ENUGU STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Awgu Local Government Area, Enugu State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN FCT ABUJA
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Kubwa, Bwari Area Council, FCT

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN GOMBE STATE
NYSC Temporary Orientation Camp, Science Technical College, Amada, KM 21, Gombe-Bauchi Highway, Near International Airport, Gombe State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN IMO STATE
NYSC Orientation Camp Former Girl’s Model Secondary School Eziama Permanent Nkwerre Local Govt Area, Imo State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN JIGAWA STATE
NYSC Permanent Camp, opposite Army Barrack, Fanisua Dutse Local Government Area, Jigawa State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN KADUNA STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Kaduna – Abuja Road, Kaduna State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN KANO STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Kusala Dam, Karaye, Karaye Local Government, Kano State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN KATSINA STATE

Youth Multi-purpose Centre/ NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Mani Road, Katsina State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN  KEBBI STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Dakingari Local Government Area, Kebbi State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN KOGI STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Asaya, Kabba Local Government Area, Kogi State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN KWARA STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Yikpata, Edu Local Government Area, Kwara State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN LAGOS STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Iyana Ipaja, Agege, Lagos State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN NASSARAWA STATE

Magaji Dan-Yamusa Permanent Orientation Camp, Keffi, Nasarawa State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN NIGER STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, (Former Abubakar, Dada Senior Secondary School), Paiko, Niger State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN OGUN STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Ikenne Road, Sagamu Local Government Area, Sagamu, Ogun State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN ONDO STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Ikare-Akoko Local Government Area, Ondo State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN OSUN STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Aisu College Hospital Road, Ede North Local Government Area, Ede, Osun State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN OYO STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp Iseyin, Iseyin Local Government Area, Oyo State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN PLATEAU STATE

NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Mangu, Mangu Local Government Area, Plateau State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN RIVERS STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Nonwa-Gbam Tai Local Government Area, Rivers State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN SOKOTO STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Wamakko,Wamakko Local Govt Area, Sokoto State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN TARABA STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Sibre Airport Road, Jalingo, Taraba State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN YOBE STATE
College of Administration and Business Studies, Potiskum, Yobe State.

NYSC ORIENTATION CAMP IN ZAMFARA STATE
NYSC Permanent Orientation Camp, Beside FRSC Office, Tsafe Local Government Area, Zamfara State.

That is all on NYSC orientation camps and their locations nationwide.