The 2018 National Examinations Council (NECO) GCE results are now available online. Candidates that participated in the 2018 November /December External Senior School Certificate Examination can now access their results online.
National Examination Council, NECO November/December SSCE, NECO GCE Result 2018 is Out | See How to Check 2018 NECO GCE Result Online
The National Examinations Council (NECO) has released 2018 November/December External Senior School Certificate Examination results.
Prospective candidates are expected to purchase NECO result checking scratch card before proceeding to check their results online,
The National Examinations Council (NECO) new results online system now requires candidates to purchase token before they can access their SSCE, BECE, and NCEE results.
According to the National Examinations Council (NECO), the new Results online system offers a convenient way to check all NECO examination results. Once results are released, it will be made available via NECO Results system (www.result.neco.gov.ng).
Using NECO Results, candidates can check their SSCE, BECE and NCEE results by purchasing tokens. The token(s) can be shared with candidates, parents, schools, organizations or any person who wished to view the candidate’s results.
How to Purchase NECO Token Online.
STEP 1: Register on NECO Results Online System.
Go to https://result.neco.gov.ng/register
Supply the required data in the appropriate columns and click on register.
NECO will send an Activation Email to your registered email address.
Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board, JAMB Brochure For UTME And Direct Entry – 2018/2019 Admission Process (Download In PDF Here For Free)
As the Registration for the 2018 JAMB UTME will commence this month, we deemed it necessary that they need to know there various subjects combinations and scheme which they need to cover before the examination approaches.
In this Brochure, detailed information on how to complete the Direct Entry (DE) and Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) application forms has been provided. Candidates are advised to read carefully the instructions and information provided herein before filling the Application forms.
IMPORTANT POINTS TO NOTE
Candidates should note the following:
1. The guidelines and instructions provided in this Brochure will assist candidates in selecting appropriate institutions and courses and in completing the application forms properly.
The Board will not process any form completed without adhering to the instructions and regulations set out in this booklet.
2. A candidate must have completed or about to complete a full course of training in a Secondary School, Technical College, Teacher Training College or an approved institution of equivalent status.
3. A candidate must have attained the age of sixteen years (16) or would have done so on the first day of October in the year of his/her candidature.
4. UTME candidates must write the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination and attain an acceptable standard in the examination for entry into the course of his/her choice.
5. UTME candidates are advised to use the current syllabus. Past question papers on the examination are available for a fee at the National Headquarters, Headquarters Annexes, Zonal and State Offices of the Board.
6. Candidates who submit more than one set of application forms will be disqualified.
7. Apart from the notification of results, the Board will not enter into correspondence regarding candidates’ performance at the UTME or failure of placement of candidates.
8. The Board reserves the right to withdraw, at any time any result released to candidates or admission offers made, if it is discovered that the candidate cheated at the examination or gave the Board false, incomplete or misleading information.
9. Candidates should note that the Board is free to place high scoring candidates into institutions other than their preferred choices.
10. Any candidate whose scores are low for their chosen courses/institutions could approach other institutions and/or departments for consideration. Such consideration would normally be given after such institutions had taken care of candidates who made such courses either their first or second choice and other high scoring candidates.
UTME SUBJECTS (EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS)
For a candidate to be offered admission into 100 level of the chosen course in any of the Institutions, he/she must obtain an acceptable level of performance at the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) in subjects RELEVANT to the proposed course/programme of study. The UT ME subjects which are mandatory for the respective courses are set out in this Section of the Tables in this Brochure. All candidates are to note that “Use of English” is mandatory for all courses and has therefore been excluded from the Tables to avoid unnecessary repetition.
INFORMATION ON ADMISSION GUIDELINES
1. The proprietor of each institution provides the Board with guidelines to be adopted in selecting candidates for the respective institutions. For Federal institutions, the Federal Government stipulates that a percentage of the candidates should be selected on merit, another percentage on catchment/locality which in most cases is the geographical or socio-cultural area contiguous to the institution. A proportion is also reserved for candidates from educationally less developed states.
2. Candidates are advised to study this Section and the Section on Remarks/Waiver before Selecting Courses
GENERAL ENTRY REQUIREMENTS
In addition to the specific entry requirements into each Institution, faculty or department, the following are the general en try requirements approved for admission into first degree courses for both UTME and Direct Entry candidates.
1 Applicants must write the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) and attain an acceptable standard in the Use of English (Compulsory) and three subjects relevant to the proposed course of study as set out in the relevant Chapters of this Brochure.
2 Candidate must in addition to attaining an acceptable standard in the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination obtain one of the following qualifications.
(a) National Examinations Council (NECO)/ West African Examinations Council (WAEC) Senior School Certificate (SSC) or the School Certificate/General Certificate of Education (SSC/GCE ) or equivalents with credit passes in Five (5) subjects relevant to the course and obtained at not more than two sittings; except where otherwise specified.
(b) Grade II Teacher’s Certificate (TC II) with credit or merit passes in at least Five (5) subjects. PLEASE NOTE THAT TC II IS NOT ACCEPTABLE FOR SOME COURSES IN SOME UNIVERSITIES.
(c) National Technical Certificate (NTC), National Business Certificate (NBC) with credit passes in Five (5) subjects rel evant to the course and obtained at not more than two sittings. For the purpose of NTC/NBC, a credit in any General Education subjects, trade related subjects and trade component subjects is equivalent to a credit in a subject.
3. A credit pass in Mathematics is required for all Science based and Social Science courses except where it is stated otherwise.
4. A credit pass in English Language is required for all courses except where it is stated otherwise.
5 Please note that a matriculated student in any University is not eligible to sit for the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) except those who are transferring from foreign Universities.
Entry by Direct Application (DE) (2/3/4/5 – year degree programme).
1. Applicants with one of the following qualifications may be considered for admission by Direct entry:-
(a) A minimum of five (5) subjects passed at not more than two sittings with at least two at the Principal or Advanced level of the G.C.E. and the others, at credit level of the SSC/GCE , NTC/NBC. No subject shall be counted at both Ordinary and Advanced levels.
(b) Passes in two major subjects in the NCE with S.S.C.E , NTC/NBC credits or equivalents in THREE other subjects (mainly for Education Courses). Education may be accepted as a third A/Level subject for those taking courses in Education
(c) Two passes at the IJMB examination or Cambridge moderated Schools of Basic Studies terminal examination or International Baccalaurat e from recognised institutions with SSCE/GCE , NTC/NBC credits or equivalent in three other subjects (SUBJECT TO UNIVERSITY REQUIR EMENTS).
JAMB Brochure and Syllables
Below is the link to download the JAMB Brochure and Syllables In PDF Online.
Download the 2018 UTME Brochure for Colleges of Education
Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board, JAMB CBT centers approved for the 2018 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) registration.
This is to inform all the candidates intending to register for the 2019 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) that the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) has released the list of recommended centres for registration.
JAMB Form For 2019 UTME Registration is Out. Sales of the 2019 Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board, JAMB Form has commenced. Cyber cafés will not be allowed to render services on behalf of JAMB. So please visit ONLY JAMB accredited centres. There will be no sales of scratch cards for the registration. 2019 Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board, JAMB UTME registration procedures, instructions and everything you need to know is available here.
This is to inform the general public that the 2019 Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB)Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) registration commencement date has been announced.
JAMB Registration Period (Registration Starting and Closing Date for 2019)
Majority of the questions we have been getting have been about when JAMB registration for 2019 will start. Yes, there has been a long delay than usual in the commencement of 2019 JAMB UTME registration. A lot of intending applicants are already frustrated by the long wait and would like to know when they can go online to register.
We have decided to create this Portal to avail our readers with the latest trend about 2019 JAMB UTME.
2019 JAMB UTME registration will now be done through JAMB certified registration centres nationwide.
The 2019 JAMB UTME will only feature Computer Based Test – CBT (just like the previous conducted UTME).
The period of sale/registration for all candidates (UTME/DE) including those from Foreign Countries is from 10 January, 2019 to 21 February, 2019
Each candidate must have personal e-mail address and mobile phone number.
Each candidate is to use his/her functional and valid personal e-mail address. The system would reject at the point of registration any already used e-mail address.
Each candidate must personally create a JAMB profile on the JAMB portal through JAMB Mobile App available on Android, Windows and iOS platforms OR on the JAMB portal: www.jamb.org.ng. Name. date of birth, personal e-mail address and place of origin are required to create the profile.
Payment for JAMB’s E-PIN-registration and the recommended reading text is done at the banks and NIPOST. Banks have also agreed to make these services available at CBT centres and JAMB State Offices.
Each Candidate should visit any accredited CBT centre (the list of accredited CBT centres are on our website i.e. www.jamb.gov.ng) with his/her personal details, the profile and evidence of payment.
The CBT centre or JAMB State Office, supplies, at no extra cost, the prescribed reading text and the CD containing:
e-brochure showing guidelines on admission detailing list of tertiary institutions and available programmes of study.
Syllabus (e-syllabus) forthe examination.
Step by step guide on completing the application form.
A video messages from the Registrar of JAMB and a demo on how to use eight (8) keys for UTME examination without mouse.(For candidates with little familiarity with Computers)
Each Candidate is to complete the online application form by supplying the required details such as name, e-mail address, L.G.A., academic qualifications, etc.
At the CBT centre, Candidate’s ten fingers biometric and image will be captured and uploaded.
O/L and/or A/L grades are to be provided bv candidates. Candidates who are awaiting result should suppIv the result online as soon as the results are available on JAMB’S Portal. No recommendations from anv Institution will be considered by JAMB if the candidate has not supplied his/her O/L result on the portal of JAMB.
Each Candidate is to collect his e-slip at the end of registration as evidence of registration.
There will be no offline registration, as all the accredited CBT centres have been empowered for real life online registration. No candidate should register at any centre other than the accredited CBT centre and JAMB State office. Any candidate who is registered outside approved centres will be identified and disqualified.
General Entry Requirements
The general entry requirements for admission into the First Degree, National Diploma (ND), National Innovation Diploma (NID) and Nigeria Certiﬁcate in Education (NCE) programmes in Universities, other Degree-Awarding Institutions, Monotechnics, Polytechnics, Innovation Enterprise Institutions and Colleges of Education are ﬁve (5) O’Level Credit passes including Mathematics and English. Details are available in the online Brochure. A copy would be given to each Candidate at the accredited CBT centres and JAMB State-Ofﬁces.
Candidates with one of the following qualiﬁcations may be considered for admission by Direct Entry:
A minimum of O’Level credit pass in ﬁve (5) subjects at not more than two sittings with at least two prescribed subjects (for each discipline) at Principal or Advanced No subject shall be counted twice at both Ordinary and Advanced Level
Two passes (in prescribed subjects for each discipline) at the Advanced-Level Examination of IJMB, Cambridge, JUPEB or Institute of Baccalaureate with SSCE/GCE, NTS/NBC credits equivalents in three other subjects
Passes in two major subjects in the NCE with S.C.E., NTC/NBC credits or equivalents in THREE other subjects (mainly for Education Courses) and ND. For Education courses, Education may be accepted as a third A’ Level subject
Minimum of lower credit grade in National Diploma or National Innovation Diploma and the O’Level requirements
DE CANDIDATES WILL BE REQUIRED TO PROVIDE THEIR JAMB REGISTRATION NUMBERS WITH WHICH THEY GAINED ADMISSION TO NCE/NID/DIPLOMA AND PREVIOUS DEGREE PROGRAMMES.
QUALIFICATIONS AWARDED BY EXAMINATION BODIES (IJMB, CAMBRIDGE, WAEC, JUPEB, etc) APPROVED BY NIGERIA SHALL NOT REQUIRE ANY PRIOR JAMB NUMBER.
Order Of Choice Of Institutions
Every candidate is to note that the 1st choice can be a College of Education, University, Innovation Enterprise Institution, Polytechnic/Monotechnic, Nigerian Defence Academy or the Police Academy
Steps For 2019 Registration
One Cell (mobile) number can be used by one candidate The Cell phone number used for the text message is automatically tied to the Candidate’s name and will be used in all communications related to his/her 2019 Application/Examination
Candidate sends his/her name [Surname First-Name Middle-Name (if any)] by text (SMS) to This should be maximum of 38 characters + 2 spaces between names = 40 characters in all to 55019 e.g Tinubu Adamu Odumegwu (Surname and ﬁrst name are mandatory)
A Proﬁle Code of 10 characters is received by the candidate on the same telephone number
SELF HELP IN CASE OF MISTAKE/LOSS OF PROFILE CODE
To correct a mistake in candidate’s name, send the [CORRECT Surname First-Name Middle-Name] to 55019 as a text message from the same mobile number
To retrieve a lost Proﬁle Code, send [RESEND] to 55019 as text message from the same mobile number
JAMB ePIN SELLING POINTS The ePIN outlets are:
NIPOST and eleven Participating Banks (ACCESS, ECOBANK, FIRSTBANK, FCMB, FIDELITY, JAIZ, SKYE, STERLING, UNION, UNITY and ZENITH)
Four Mobile Money Operators: Paga, e-Tranzact (PocketMoni), TEASYPay and Packway Projects (Readycash)
Two participating Micro Finance Banks: FUD MFB (Dutse) and Regent MFB (Abuja)
Two online Payment Platforms: SystemSpecs (Remita) and InterSwitch (Quickteller)
ATMs of banks listed in 5D (i) above (InterSwitch)
USSD (NIBSS & ERCAS) for mobile banking
Nigerian Embassies in Abidjan, Accra, Addis Ababa, Buea, Cotonou, Jeddah, Johannesburg and London
DUTIES OF PARTICIPATING BANKS/OUTLETS
Collect the Proﬁle Code from candidate’s phone
Collect payment and vend ePIN by SMS to candidate’s phone
Facilitate POS Payment, if necessary
Issue Evidence of Payment
Collect Centre Service Fees, if requested by the CBT Centre
Six Different Modes/ Methods of Payment/Procurement of ePIN For Registration (Choose Suitable One)
PAYMENT THROUGH BANKS INCLUDING MICRO FINANCE BANKS
Present Proﬁle Code and pay by cash or card
ePIN is then delivered to the candidate’s unique telephone number
PAYMENT THROUGH POS
This is available at State Ofﬁces of JAMB + CBT Centres, other POS outlets and any CBT Centre that demands it
Present Proﬁle Code and pay by card
ePIN is then delivered to the candidate’s unique telephone number
PAYMENT THROUGH MOBILE MONEY OPERATORS
This is available at CBT Centres and Other Outlets
Present Proﬁle Code and pay by cash
ePIN is then delivered to the candidate’s unique telephone number
PAYMENT USING ATM
This is available on all ATM outlets of Participating Banks listed in 5D(I) (InterSwitch Channel)
Select Bill Payment and then pick JAMB
Enter Proﬁle Code and pay
ePIN is then delivered to the candidate’s unique telephone number
ePIN is then delivered to the candidate’s unique telephone number
PAYMENTS USING USSD (NIBSS/ERCAS)
Enter Proﬁle Code
Select bank and follow the prompts to complete payment
ePIN is then delivered to the candidate’s unique telephone number
Procedure for the eight foreign centres only is as follows:
Registration fee for candidates from the eight foreign countries is $20 or its equivalent in each of the eight countries
Candidates from the eight foreign countries are to download the Application from the Board’s website (www.jamb.gov.ng) complete and submit it with the fee at the eight designated centres as indicated on the website
HOW TO RECOVER LOST ePIN AFTER PAYMENT
I. If ePIN is not Received or Lost, send [UTMEPIN] or [DEPIN] to 55019 for UTME or DE respectively from the unique number
ii. The ePIN would then be retrieved and delivered on the candidate’s unique number
AFTER SUCCESSFUL PAYMENT AND OBTAINING ePIN, CANDIDATE SHOULD PROCEED TO ANY OF THE JAMB ACCREDITED CBT CENTRES TO COMPLETE HIS/HER REGISTRATION
I. In line with the Board’s regulated registration exercise, only the accredited Computer Based Test Centres and JAMB Ofﬁces will be allowed to register candidates
ii. Each candidate should visit any accredited CBT centre with his/her personal details, the proﬁle and evidence of payment
Registration Process At CBT Centres:
The candidate presents the ePIN at any JAMB accredited CBT Centre for completion of registration. The name of the candidate as typed by the candidate on his/her phone when registering the proﬁle comes up automatically on the input of the e-PIN by the CBT centre
Candidates are to:
i. Pay NOT more than N700 as Service Charge to the CBT Centre
ii. Provide Biodata including Date of Birth, Nationality, State of Origin, Local Government, Gender, e-mail address, among others
iii. Provide choice of institutions and programmes (disciplines)
iv. Provide qualiﬁcation with grades and dates, if not awaiting result
v. Upload relevant certiﬁcates, if not awaiting result
vi. O/L and or A/L grades are to be provided by candidates. Candidates who are awaiting results should supply the results online as soon as they are available on JAMB’s portal. No recommendations from any Institution will be considered by JAMB if the candidate has not supplied his/her result on the portal of JAMB
vii. Supply JAMB registration number for previous institutional certiﬁcates for DE only
viii. Provide UTME subjects and choice of examination town(s) for
(a) Mock examination (optional)
(b) Examination for UTME (actual examination)
ix. Do picture capture (no scanning of passport photograph)
x. Do Biometric enrolment (ten ﬁngers)
xi. Review entries and conﬁrm correctness
xii. Print Registration Slip USING BIOMETRIC AUTHENTICATION
xiii. Collect, at no other cost, the reading text and CD
xiv. Each Candidate is to collect his/her e-slip at the end of registration as evidence of registration
xv. There will be no ofﬂine registration, as all the accredited CBT centres have been empowered for real time online registration. No candidate should register at any centre other than the accredited CBT centre and JAMB State-Ofﬁces. Any candidate who is registered outside approved centres will be identiﬁed and disqualiﬁed
Dates And Venue For 2019 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination
The 2019 CBT EXAMINATION will commence on Saturday, 16 March and end on Saturday, 23 March, 2019
The venue of the examination will be at any centre in the candidate’s chosen examination town(s)
JAMB DOES NOT POST ANY CANDIDATE TO ANY EXAMINATION TOWN (OR GROUP OF TOWNS) OTHER THAN THE ONE CHOSEN BY THE CANDIDATE AT THE POINT OF REGISTRATION. CANDIDATES ARE, HOWEVER, ADVISED TO REGISTER ON TIME BEFORE THE AVAILABLE SPACES IN THEIR TOWN OF CHOICE OR GROUP OF TOWNS ARE EXHAUSTED AND THEREFORE NO LONGER AVAILABLE
Registration Fee /Procurement of Registration ePINS
Registration Fee is Three Thousand Five Hundred (N3, 500) Naira Only. Additional Five Hundred (N500) Naira only, is paid to obtain the reading text “Sweet Sixteen” by Bolaji Abdullahi for UTME Candidates and “The Last Days at Forcados High School” by A. H. Mohammed for DE Candidates and $20 for Candidates from the eight foreign centres
A CD containing JAMB eSyllabus, eBrochure and other vital materials is also given free
Candidates should note that ePINS purchased are tied to individual proﬁle and are not transferable
Candidates are advised to keep as private and conﬁdential their security details such as registration numbers, password/numbers of ATM Cards, email addresses and ePINs
Optional Mock Examination
The Board will also conduct a mock examination in all the accredited CBT centres to prepare and familiarise INTERESTED Candidates with the CBT environment. Interested candidates are advised to indicate their interest in the mock examination during registration provided it is on or before 31 January, 2019.
The date for MOCK examination shall be from Saturday 23 February, 2019.
Non-JAMB CBT Centres are allowed to collect, through their bank accounts, a separate Seven Hundred Naira (₦700) only, for mock exercise from only interested candidate(s) after notification of centre has been received by the candidate(s). The payment for mock examination by the candidate shall be made to the centre to which the candidate is assigned after the notification of assigned centres for the mock examination. No Association or body is permitted to run any mock examination on behalf of JAMB.
DO NOT PAY FOR MOCK UNTIL JAMB ASSIGNS YOU TO A CBT CENTRE. NO ONE SHOULD PATRONISE FRAUDSTERS, MANY OF WHOM ARE NOW IN CUSTODY FOR DEFRAUDING PROSPECTIVE CANDIDATES. ONLY JAMB ACCREDITED CBT CENTRES CAN DO VALID REGISTRATION AND SERVE AS EXAMINATION CENTRES
All candidates must mandatorily register their proﬁles through text messages as illustrated above before proceeding to buy the ePIN.
The registration fee is non-refundable.
As it is the practice, centres are allowed to charge not more than Seven Hundred Naira (₦700)only as registration fee. Any centre that charges more than Seven Hundred Naira (₦700) should be reported to JAMB for appropriate sanctions
All CBT centres have been mandated to select any of the participating banks, MMOs, MFBs, etc. These ﬁnancial institutions are to be present at the CBT centres for the purpose of collecting all fees. No CBT centre staff is allowed to conduct direct cash transaction with the candidates
Candidates are advised to read and understand the guidelines on admission and instructions on how to complete the online registration before commencing the process of registration
Multiple registrations are not allowed. Candidates who register more than once will be identiﬁed and disqualiﬁed
Candidates should note that they are required to be present and take live photograph which will be embossed on their result slips and admission letters. No scanned/stapled passport photograph is allowed
Candidates are to note that irrespective of their choice of course of study, they will also be tested on a general text: “Sweet Sixteen by Bolaji Abdullahi”for UTME and “The Last Days at Forcados High School” by A.H. Mohammed for Direct Entry Candidates
Candidates/Ofﬁcials would not be allowed to enter into the examination centre with wristwatch, Phone, electronic device, or any pen/biro. Only common pencil is allowed
Candidates are warned that the Board does not require nor authorise the services of ANY cyber cafe or establishment other than the accredited CBT centres for this exercise
Accredited JAMB Registration Centers
As said earlier, registration for JAMB UTME 2019/2020 can be done on Jamb website or accredited centers. All interested candidates should note that they can easily access the Board’s website on www.jamb.org.ng for registration using the registration scratch card.
Please take note that Registration for the CBT examination can be done on the website at anytime within the specified registration period through any of the accredited 2019 JAMB registration centers nationwide.
*Saturday, 26th January, 2019 English Language 2 (Essay) – 9.30 am – 11.30 am English Language 1 (Objective) – 11.30 am – 12.30 pm English Language 3 (Test of Orals) – 3.30 pm – 4.15 pm *Monday 28th January, 2019 Physics 2 (Essay) – 9.30 am – 11.00 am Physics 1 (Objective) – 11.00 am – 12.15 pm
Hence we have A+B+C = 180 50+80+C = 180 130+C = 180 C = 180 – 130 C = 50 10ai) The bearing of B from C = 90 – 50 = 40° (10ii) Bearing of A from B 90+50(alternate angle to A) = 140° (10iii) Distance between B and C Using sine rule C/sinC = a/SinA 40/sin50 = a/sin50 Cross multiply asin50 = 40sin50 a = 40km Hence distance between B and C = 40km (10iv) Using cosine rule b²= a²+c² – 2acCosB where a = 40, c= 40 and B=80 b² = 40²+40² -2*40*40cos80 b² = 1600+1600 – 3200(0.1736) b² = 3200 – 555.52 b² = 2644.48 b = √2644.48 b = 51.42km (10v) Height of ΔABC Draw the triangle: CLICK HERE FOR THE IMAGE
Area of the triangle =1/2acSinB =1/2*40*40sin80 =800(0.9848) =787.84km² Hence 1/2bh=787.84 bh=2*787.84 h=2*787.84/b h=2*787.84/51.42 h=30.64 =31
(5) Tabulate X|8,9,10,12,14,17 F|6,4,8,5,4,3,(30) FX|48,36,80,60,56,51,(331) (5i) Mean = ƩFX/ƩF=331/30=11 Tabulate d=x-x̅| -3.03,-2.03,-1.03,-0.97,-2.97,-5.97 d^2| 9.18,4.12,1.06,0.94,8.82,35.64 fd^2| 50.08,16.48,10.60,11.28,123.48,605.88,(8178) (5ii) Standard deviation =√Ʃfd^2/Ʃf =√817.8/30 =27.26 (6a) 126y = 86 1 x y² 2 x y¹ + 6 x yº = 86 y² + 2y + 6 = 86 y² + 2y + 6 – 86 = 0 y² + 2y – 80 = 0 y + 10y – 8y – 80 = 0 y (y+10)-8y (y+10) = 0 y – 8 = 0 or y + 10 = 0 the positive value of y
(6b) Area of triangle = ½ x b x h Let the Acheal Area = x Area = ½ x b x h Base = x – 9x/100 = 93/100 Height = 9x/100 + x = 107x/100 Area = ½ x 93x/100 x 107x/100 =963x/2000 % error = actual Area – wrong/actual area x 100 = x – 963x/2000 /x 100 = 20000x – 963x/20000 x 100 = 19037/20000 x 100 = 95.185%
(6c) p/100 + 2p + 7 = 11.02 x 100 p + 200p + 700 = 1102 201p = 1102 – 700 201p = 402 P = 402/201 P = N2 P = 200K
(8a) S²₁ (3x – 1) (x+2) dx By expansion’ S²₁ 3x² + 6x – x – 2 dx S²₁ 3x² + 5x – 2 dx By integrating using d formula Xn+1/n+1 Therefore 3x ²+¹/2+1 + 5x¹+¹/1+1 = 2xº+¹/0+1 + c Therefore 3x³/3 + 5x²/2 + 2x/1 + c Therefore x³ + 5x²/2 + 2x But x = 2 at higher and are at lower by substituting 2 in x than of value of 1 (2)³ + 5/2(2)² + 2(2) – ((1)³ + 3/2(1) + 2 (1) 8 + 5/2 x 4 + 4 – (1 + 5/2 + 2) 8 + 10 + 4 – (3 + 5/2) 22 – 11/2 = = 22-11/2 = 44- 11/2 = 33/2
(8bi) T = 2π square l/g Dividing both side by 2π T/2π = square root of L/g By squaring both side (T/2 π)² = (L/g)² T²/4 π² = l/g Cross multiplication gT²/T² = 4π²L/T² g = 4π²L/T² (8bii) T = (0.4)1/2 = square root of 0.4 L = 0.04 T1 = 3.14 G = 4π²L/T2 = 4 x (3.14)² x 0.04/(0.4)² = 4 x 9.8596 x 0.04/0.4 = 1.578/0.4 g = 3.94
(9a) 2p-q=10…….(1) 3p+q^2=22……..(2) Eq(1) x3 and eq(2) x2 6p-3q=30 6p+2q=44 Subtracting eq(1) from eq(2) -3q-2q= -14 2q^2+3q= 14 2q^2+3q-14=0 2q^2+7q-4q-14=0 q(2q+7)-2(2q+7)=0 (q-2)(2q+7)=0 q-2=0 or 2q+7=0 q=2 or q= -7/2 Substitute q into eq(1) 2p-q=10 2p-2=10 2p=10+2 2p=12 p=12/2=6 When q= -7/2 2p-q=10 2p-(-7/2)=10 2p+7/2=10 4p+7=10 4p=10-7 4p=3 p=3/4
(9b) z^2 -25/z^2-9z+20 If Z is undefined Z^2-9z+20=0 Using factorization method -4z and -5z Z^2 -4z-5z+20=0 Z(z-4) – 5(z-4)=0 (z-4)(z-5)=0 Z-4=0 or Z-5=0 Z=4 or Z=5 Z=4 or 5 Z is undefined when it is equal to 4 or 5
(4a) 1/3(y-1)+2>1/2(2y-1)+1 2y-2+12>6y-3+1 2y-6y>-2-10 -4y>-12 y<3 (4bi)
0.775 | 1.8893
0.456 | 1. 6589
| UNDER Log
| 1. 5482
Square root of 4/3081/0.775.0456
Antilog = 9663
= 2.9 (2a)
1101base2 = 2x+1
1 * 2^3 + 1 * 2^2 + 0 * 2^1 + 1 * 2^0 = 2x + 1
13 = 2x+1
x = 12/2=6 (2b)
= 3sin67.4 + 1/2cos67.4
= 3*0.9232 + 1/2*0.3843
PQ x 90º [angle in a semicircle]
QPO = 90º - 62 [ angle in a triangle]
Therefore POZ = 28º [alternative angles]
PXZ = ½ x 28º = 14º [angle at center is twice angle at cirumfeence] (3b)
6/5 + 3/x+3 – 9/5(x+3)
= 6 (x+3) + 3 (5) – 9/5(x+3)
= 6x + 18 + 15 – 9/5 (x+3)
= 6x + 24/5(x+3)
= 6(x+4)/5(x+3)BONUS (7b) CLICK HERE FOR THE IMAGECOMPLETED GOOD LUCK PLEASE NOTE:
/ means division or divide
Log means logarithm
* means multiplication
^ means Raise to power
Tita means θ
Pie means π
Base means subscript
Sqr root means √
bar means a dash on top a number of letter
Example: X bar means x̅
---(1) means equation 1 CLICK HERE TO STUDY THE FULL SYMBOLS + EXPLANATION
(6b) (i) Concentrated in towns (ii) Mainly import substituting (iii) Depend on imported machinery/technology (iv) Minly light industries
(6c) (i) Availabilty of of raw materials (ii) Regular supply of power (iii) Nearness to market (iv) Availabilty of water
(2a) Tourism is the activities of people traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for leisure, business or other purposes for not more than one consecutive year.
(2b) Direct contribution to GDP: GDP generated by industries that deal directly with tourists, including hotels, travel agents, airlines and other passenger transport services, as well as the activities of restaurant and leisure industries that deal directly with tourists. It is equivalent to total internal Travel & Tourism spending within a country less the purchases made by those industries (including imports). (ii)Total contribution to GDP: GDP generated directly by the Travel & Tourism sector plus its indirect and induced impacts (iii)Total contribution to employment: the number of jobs generated directly in the Travel & Tourism sector plus the indirect and induced contributions. (iv)Visitor exports: Spending within the country by international tourists for both business and leisure trips, including spending on transport, but excluding international spending on education.
(2ci) (i)Poor Infrastructure (ii)Terrorism and Security Challenges (iii)Lack of proper management (2cii) (i)Provision of adequate infrastructure that support tourism (ii)Tackling security issues within the country and bringing terrorism to a zero-level. (iii)Government should ensure proper management of tourist centres
(5b) (i)it provides food for the country (ii)it provides income for farmers (iii)it serves as foreign exchange for the country (iv)it provides employment for many people in the country
(5ci) (i)poor transportation network (ii)lack of storage and process facilities (iii)inadequate land due to land tenure system (5cii) (i)road should be constructed to link dual areas with urban centres (ii)storage and processing facilities should be provided at reduced rate (iii)farmers should use fertilizers to improve the fertility of the soil and productivity of their crop
(1ai) Linear settlement is a normally small to medium-sized settlement or group of buildings that is formed in a long line. In Other Words Many follow a transport route, such as a road, river, or canal though some form due to physical restrictions, such as coastlines, mountains, hills or valleys. Linear settlements may have no obvious centre, such as a road junction. Linear settlements have a long and narrow shape. (1aii) Nucleated settlements are towns where buildings are close together, often clustered around a central point. The location of a nucleated settlement can be determined by a range of factors, including being easy to defend, close to a water supply or located at a route centre. A nucleated pattern often develops where defence is a priority, such as inside a meander (a bend on a river) or on a hilltop (for instance, Caerphilly).
(1bi) Town: (i)A town is a human settlement that is larger than a village. (ii)A town is a distinct government entity while a village can be a part of a town or a separate settlement. (iii)A town has an established marketplace where people can buy their necessities while a village does not have a market. (iv)A town has a mayor and a seat of government while a village does not. (iv)Banks, stores, and other commercial establishments are located in towns rather than in villages. (1bii) VILLAGE: (i)A village does not have a mayor nor does it have local laws since it is a part of a town (ii)A village is a clustered human settlement or community , larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town (iii)A village is surrounded with many many trees. Fruits,vegetables are Sow here and there. Sometimes a village doesn’t have electricity all the time (iv)A rural habitation of size between a hamlet and a town
(3i) Fuel And Power: (i)the energy are being gained and derived from the extraction oil and petroleum (ii)the gases that serve as source of fuel are sold (3ii) Metallurgical: (i)metal are produced which are good and better in roofing (ii)extraction of ores and alloys are gained which some of them are better in building (3iii) Chemical: (i)they produce some chemical such as pesticides the one who kill the pest (ii)they produce the product of chemicals which are very useful on farmland as fertilizers (3iv) Textiles: (i)they produce fabric which are day to day business (ii)they are source of income which add in continuity’ in every geographical area (3v) Food processing: (i)Supplying of food during every year of harvesting in every year which lead to an increase in food supply (ii)disease reduction is also one of the important of food processing COMPLETED – GOOD LUCK
(2c) (i) Changes in taste of the consumer (ii) Changes in price of the commodity (iii) Changes in income of the consumer (iv) CChanges in supply (v) Introduction of new goods
SECTION B – ANSWER FOUR(4) (4a) EFFICIENCY OF LABOUR : The working capacity of the labour is called his efficiency being given the same time limit and given the same type of work.
(4b) (i)Poor Supply Of Electricity: For the average Nigerian youth that wants to venture into entrepreneurship, constant source of power supply is essential for most businesses. (ii)Poor Standard Of Education: Gone are the days where Nigerian graduates could effectively compete with their counterparts from other parts of the world. Every year half-baked graduates are released into the labour market. Due to the poor standard of education, many end up unemployed. (iii)Tribalism And Nepotism: Tribalism is a cankerworm that has eaten deep into the fabric of the Nigerian society. People are being employed based on where they come from or who they are, this is commonly known as having a ‘connection or long leg’ in Nigeria. In the long run, the more qualified people are not employed. (iv)Lack Of Employable Skills: One of the major causes of unemployment in Nigeria is the low standard of education, many graduates do not think it essential to empower themselves with skills that would further enhance their chances of getting a job.
(6a) Representative money is an item such as a token or piece of paper that has no intrinsic value but can be exchanged on demand for a commodity that does have intrinsic value, such as gold, silver, copper
(6b) (i) Medium of Exchange: The most important function of money is that it serves as a medium of exchange. In the barter economy a great difficulty was experienced in the exchange of goods as the exchange in the barter system required double coincidence of wants. Money has removed this difficulty. (ii) Measure of Value: Money serves as a yardstick for measuring the value of goods and services. As the value of all goods and services is measured in a standard unit of money, their relative values can be easily compared. (iii) Store of Value: Money being the most liquid of all assets is a convenient form in which to store wealth, that is, money can be held as an asset. Thus store of value function is also called asset function of money. It is, therefore, essential that the good chosen as money should be such as can be easily stored without deterioration or wastage (iv) Standard of Deferred Payment: Deferred payments mean those payments which are to be made in the future. E.g If a loan is taken today, it would be paid back after a period of time.
(8a) (i)Economic Freedom: The foremost advantage of this system is that everybody enjoys’ economic freedom as one can spend one’s income according to one’s wishes. Producers have complete freedom to invest in any business or trade. (ii)Optimum Use of Resources: All natural resources are used to their optimum level as production is undertaken with a sole purpose: of earning profit and no scope for wastages at all. (iii)New Inventions: In this type of economy, there is ample scope of new invention. To get more profit every producer takes initiative to develop new techniques in production.
(8aii) (i)Price Mechanism: Capitalist economy is gained by price mechanism. Here prices are determined by the interaction of demand and supply without the interference of any kind by the government or any other external forces. (ii)Profit Motive: The maximisation of profit is the main motive of the producer. Profit guides the production in this type of economy.
(9a) Fiscal policy refers to the use of government spending and tax policies to influence macroeconomic conditions, including aggregate demand, employment, inflation and economic growth.
(9b) (i) Principle of Equality: According to the principle of equality, every person should pay to the Government according to his ability to pay, that is in proportion of the income or revenue he et jove onder the protection of the State. (ii) Principle of Certainty: To quote Adam Smith, ‘The tax which each individual is bound to pay ought to be certain and not arbitrary. The time of payment, the manner of payment, the quantity to be paid ought all to be clear and plain to the contributor and to every other person. A successful function of an economy requires that the people, especially business class. (iii)Principle of Convenience: According to the third canon of Adam Smith, the sum, time and/manner of payment of a tax should not only be certain but the time and manner of its payment should also be convenient to the contributor. (iv) Principle of Economy: The Government has to spend money on collecting taxes levied by it- Since collection costs of taxes add nothing to the national product, they should be minimized as far as possible. If the collection costs of a tax are more than the total revenue yielded by it, it is not worthwhile to levy it.
(10a) Mortgage bank is a bank that specializes in originating and/or servicing mortgage loan
(10b) (i)Not making enough money. Despite all of the headlines about banking profitability, banks and financial institutions still are not making enough return on investment, or the return on equity, that shareholders require. (ii)Consumer expectations. These days it’s all about the customer experience, and many banks are feeling pressure because they are not delivering the level of service that consumers are demanding, especially in regards to technology. (iii)Increasing competition from financial technology companies. Financial technology (FinTech) companies are usually start-up companies based on using software to provide financial services. (iv)Regulatory pressure. Regulatory requirements continue to increase, and banks need to spend a large part of their discretionary budget on being compliant, and on building systems and processes to keep up with the escalating requirements.
(12) (i)Goverment in developing economies should eradicate corruption and nepotism at all levels of government (ii)Government should create programs that can enable youths to realise their potentials e.g IT innovation hubs. (iii)Government should Encourage local contents and also provide opportunities for citizens that have studied specialized programs (iv)Government should step in having minimum ıncome Inequality; (v)Government Should have an educational system like Village Instıtutes in local areas COMPLETED